Career After MBBS

Entrance examinations after MBBS

For Medical Post Graduate courses in MD and MS, candidates need to take the Common Entrance Test – NEET PG (National Eligibility and Entrance Test). CET papers include the syllabus of all 3 years. The branch is chosen during the time of counselling. It’s a must for students to know their area of interest and aptitude in order to choose their branch or stream accordingly.

The difference between MS and MD

MS is Masters in General Surgery while MD is Masters in General Medicine. Both are Post Graduation courses and can be pursued only after the successful completion of MBBS study. In general terms, MD is area of study of which deals in non-surgical branch while MS strictly and specifically deals in surgical area of study. To make it simple, if your dream is to become a heart surgeon or neurosurgeon, you must opt for MS after MBBS. And, if you are aspiring to become a general physician, go for MD degree.

There are several branches of study in MS and MD. Depending upon the area of interest and passion, MBBS graduates can choose their stream and subject accordingly. After successfully completing MD or MS course, you can apply for jobs in government and private sector hospitals. In addition, you can also start a clinic, nursing home or hospital of your own. One more option for Medicine Graduates is they can join any medical college as a teaching faculty.

Future prospects of MS and MD

The prospects of MS and MD vary in terms of job roles, profiles, and salaries. A person who has MS will become a surgeon while a person who has done MD will become a physician. It is quite normal that a surgeon will always have more responsibilities and duties than a physician. Moreover, a surgeon will earn lot more than a general physician. Nevertheless, the incubation period in MS is longer than that of MD. A surgeon with a more deep study of medicine can also do the job a general physician however a physician cannot become a surgeon.

However, it completely depends on an individual’s aptitude, passion and interest while choosing between MS or MD. The career prospects in both the areas are good and are bound to grow in the coming time.

The popular specializations in MD and MS are as follows:

Neurology and AnaesthesiologyPlastic surgery
Obstetrics & GynaecologyPaediatric surgery
EndocrinologyCardio-thoracic surgery
Internal medicineOrthopaedics
PathologyCosmetic surgery
PaediatricCardiac surgery

Time duration to complete MD and MS

Usually, it takes 3 years to complete MMS or MD, however for a master specialisation; a candidate needs to spend 2 more years after MS or MD.

Salary packages after completing MD and MS

After completing your Post Graduation and Super Specialization in Medicine, You can either work in hospital or medical college as a teaching faculty to gain more experience or start your own private clinic in collaboration with a private hospital. As a teacher in a medical college, one can easily earn up to Rs.60, 000 per month.

The salary of a Surgeon entirely depends on the experience, talent and skill of an individual. On an average, a surgeon can earn Rs.1 Lakh per month after MS. For skilled surgeons sky is the limit.

The salary of a general physician and surgeon also depends upon the types of clinic, city, hospital set-up and medical specializations. A person employed in a well-established hospital in metro cities will definitely earn more than a doctor from a rural area .

Popularity of MD or MS in India

The fact remains the same that a candidate must make choose their stream very carefully based on their interest and aptitude. Be it MD or MS, it’s entirely up to the candidates to make a choice between the subject of study rather than getting influenced by the things of outside world. MS as a subject is only for those who have a passion for it and not for those who are weak hearted. It’s all about the right blend of artistic skills, knowledge, passion, dedication and hard work that will make you excel in this profession.

The percentage of aspirants going for MD and MS are more or less same. However, now-a-days, candidates are also opting MBA in Hospital Administration after completing MBBS. Some of them also prefer to prepare for IAS exam to get into governance of health and medical services after MBBS.

Top institutes to study MD/ MS

Some of the top medical institutes to pursue MD or MS courses are as follows:

  • AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Sciences), New Delhi
  • CMC (Christian Medical College), Vellore
  • SGPGI (Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences),Lucknow
  • JIPMER (Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research), Pondicherry
  • PGI (Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research), Chandigarh
  • St John’s Medical College, Bangalore
  • Stanley Medical College, Chennai
  • AFMC, Pune
  • Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi

Popular career destinations after MBBS

Hospital Management

Hospital Management has emerged as the hottest career option for MBBS Graduates. This is the ideal career option for those who don’t to work as physician or surgeon but willing to work as a manger. Moreover, Hospital Management is a rewarding career option and doesn’t come stiff work duties as in the case of general physician or surgeon. The salary package in hospital management is also good. IIMs (Indian Institute of Management) offer this course, which promises 100% campus placement. The time duration of this course is 2 years.       

Clinical Practice

Clinical practice has also become popular among MBBS graduates who don’t want to pursue higher studies but want to set up their clinics. Clinical practice not only promises financial freedom but also provides the space to work at your own pace. After completing your MBBS, you can start your own nursing home or hospitals depending upon the budget, workforce and skill set you have.


Career After BBA

How to plan your career after doing BBA?

In order to make your future bright and demanding, make sure to do a quick certification course in MS Office and MIS (Management Information System) right after doing BBA. Knowledge of these software along-with a BBA degree would boost your confidence and make you ready to enter into the corporate world. This will also enhance your skills and make you efficient for future market challenges. In addition to this, you must make it a habit of reading newspapers, participate in group interactions with your peer group and stay updated with recent market trends.

As a management student you should learn the art of communication and work as per the pace of recent market developments. This will not only make your resume strong but also allow you to pursue your Post Graduation in Management with a clearer thought process. Besides, BBA graduates can also opt for short-term diploma course in Mass Communication, Event Management, Animation and English Speaking according to their passion, interest and aptitude.

The scope of BBA

There are plenty of job opportunities available for BBA Graduates. To be specific, BBA graduates can look for jobs in sales and marketing department of companies as management trainees. A BBA degree along-with some years of work experience will surely take you to the leadership position in any organization. The initial salary in this profession starts from Rs.12, 000 to Rs.18,000 per month. However, it depends on the company’s value in the market and also on your skill and talent.

Top courses to pursue after BBA

There are many options in terms of courses that you can pursue after doing Bachelor of Business Administration. Depending upon your area of interest, passion, skill set and aptitude, you can decide to pursue the following courses at Post Graduation Level: 

MBA (Master of Business Administration)

The most common yet the most popular and sought-after Post Graduation course after BBA is MBA (Master of Business Administration). It not only helps you in getting a respectable management position and lucrative salary but also allows you to become your own boss. The time duration of MBA is 2 years, and you to need to clear entrance examinations like CAT, XAT, SNAP and MAHCET to get admission in top MBA colleges. MBA courses come with various specializations in Marketing, Finance, HR and International Trade, which you can choose according to your passion and aptitude.

This means that after doing MBA you can find jobs in various industries and in domains like technology, health care, manufacturing, government agencies, non-profit organizations and FMCG companies. In this era of stiff market competition, if you have done MBA from a prestigious college and have great communication and management skills, you are bound to go way ahead in your career.

Some of the top MBA colleges in India are IIMs (Indian Institute of Management), FMS, IIFT, JBIMS, MDI Gurgaon, IMT Ghaziabad, MICA Ahmedabad and XLRI Jamshedpur.

PGDM (Post Graduate Diploma in Management)

PGDM (Post Graduate Diploma in Management) is the alternative option to MBA. Nevertheless, there’s not much between MBA and PGDM. While MBA is a degree course offered by Universities, PGDM is a diploma courses offered by autonomous institutions. In some colleges, PGDM courses of 1 year are also offered. As it is really tough to get admission to IIMs and XLRIs, students can go PGDM courses offered by mid level MBA colleges. PGDM courses too have a well-structured curriculum and are acknowledged by companies for jobs. 

MMS (Masters in Management Studies)

Master in Management Studies (MMS) is also an alternative option for MBA. The time duration of MMS course is also 2 years, and is offered by government recognized universities. The basic eligibility criteria to join this course is a Graduation degree in any discipline with 50% marks. Students in their final year of Graduation can also apply to this course.

MMS as a course help students to learn management skills and control business activities at various levels. This course is also meant for developing entrepreneurial skills. After the successful completion of this course, you can hold respectable management positions with lucrative salary packages.

Areas of work for BBA Graduates

After doing BBA, depending upon your aptitude, interest and skill set, you can work in the following areas:

  • Entrepreneurship
  • Finance & Accounting Management
  • HR Management
  • Marketing Management
  • Supply Chain Management
  • Tourism Management

One last thing to remember while jumping into the profession of management is that you must develop exceptional communication skills, problem-solving skills and quick decision making skills. With these skills you will be able to grow in this field multifold.

Jobs & Career Opportunities after BBA

Every aspiring management professional should keep one thing in mind that management and administrative skills are foremost for growth. In addition, being an MBA graduate you must know to make optimum utilization of available resources and help the respective business grow exponentially. On one hand you must know to handle the accounting, finance, marketing and technological aspects of a company, and on other hand you must be well versed in making key strategic decisions along-with exceptional people management skills.

Private Sector Jobs after BBA

Private sector companies have the competitive edge, wherein you will have to deal with everyday market challenges with your quickly problem solving and decision-making skills. Furthermore, the salary package offered by private companies to management professionals is too high. Some of the industries where an MBA graduate can work are as follows:

  • Advertising
  • Aviation
  • Banking
  • Consultancy
  • Digital Marketing
  • Entertainment
  • Finance
  • Information Technology (IT)
  • Insurance
  • Media
  • Offline Marketing
  • Manufacturing

Government Sector Jobs after BBA

Though the salary package of management professionals in Government sector is not as high as compared to private sector, however, in the government sector there’s the minimal work pressure, job security and stability. Scope for management professionals in government banking sector is highest as compared to any other domain. Many government run accountancy and financial institutions are always in a lookout for young BBA Graduates. If you are BBA graduate who is good at analyzing key issues, planning and managing resources and data-crunching, then you will have a bright future in government sector.

career Fresher MCA

Career After MCA

Starting Salary of a MCA Fresher

Starting salary of MCA candidates vary from individual to individual as it depends on the area of work and responsibilities of the employees along-with their talent and skill level. Usually, the entry level salary of a MCA graduate for different roles is listed below:

  • App Developer: Rs.20,000-Rs.35,000
  • IT Assistant: Rs.10, 000-Rs.20,000
  • Hardware Engineer: Rs.15,000-Rs.25,000
  • Software Engineer/ Developer: Rs.21,000-Rs.47,500
  • Web designer and developer: Rs.25, 000-Rs.55,000

Average Salary of MCA Graduates – Experience Wise

The average salary package for MCA degree holders / experience wise as follows:

The average salary of MCA Graduates will also depend upon the designation they are holding. The average salary package of software developers will be entirely different from that of technical business analyst. Take a look at the following table to understand the average salary of MCA graduates according to different roles:

ExperienceSalary per month
For FresherRs. 15,000 – Rs. 36,000
1 -3 yearsRs. 26,000 – Rs. 44,000
Above 5 yearsRs. 40,000 – Rs. 1,50,000
Avg. Salary for MCA in USA$1500 – $3500

MCA Career Opportunities–Job Options

There are several areas of work in MCA, and depending upon your interest, passion and aptitude, you must choose the right career option. The different career options after doing MCA are as follows:

App Developer:

There is no denial of the fact that the whole world has now united into the zone of mobile apps. For every small product or service, you will find a mobile App. this has created huge demand for App developers. This role is primarily based on ideating, designing and building mobile application for iOS, Android, Blackberry and Windows platforms. Now-a-days, every company wants to promote and market their products and services through mobile apps. Therefore, you as an App developer can easily find a job in any organization, provided you have the right skill set and zeal to learn and stay updated with new market trends.

Business Analyst:

If you are good at analyzing the key issues and have great problem solving skills along-with decision making abilities, this profile of business analyst will suit you. The role of a business analyst is to track the technical and non-technical aspect of the respective business and suggest key changes accordingly. Being a MCA Graduate it is known thing that you have great data-crunching skills, however, if you blend it with your business and product management skills, you are bound to grow in this field.

Software Developer/Programmer/Engineer:

Mostly, every third MCA graduate prefers to work as a Software Developer. Software Developers are primarily involved in ideating, designing and maintaining the complex software systems. Their job is to provide IT services by observing and analyzing the clients need and designing the software system based on their requirement. This is a very challenging yet creative field, where you are expected to show your talent that goes beyond typical coding skills.


Virtually, no company can sustain without a troubleshooter. A trobleshooter looks after the problems of computer hardware and software and makes the technology accessible to all those who require them. In a company, if any IT issue pops up, it is the job of a troubleshooter to fix it on time so that the projects are delivered on time. They also hold the responsibility of maintaining the resources required by software engineers and others. If you love taking challenges and have the knack to come up with a result oriented solutions every time you are assigned a task, this job role is perfect for you.

System Analyst:

The job of a System Analyst is to ideate and design innovative IT Solution modules to drive the respective business and increase efficiency. As a system analyst, you need to extensively study the current business, business processes and models in order to design better IT solution system in terms of software development for clients. They act as a key person between the clients and software developers.

Software Application Architect:

If you are good at visualization and imaginative skills, the role of Software Architect will be an ideal fit for you. Software Architects are involved in the process of making high-level decisions in design and architecture of IT products and services. The key responsibility area of work of a software application architect is to develop technical manuals and protocols such as tools, platforms and software coding standards. They are responsible for the smoothing running of several software architectural models. 

Software Consultant:

Consultancy has emerged as a popular career option today. The job of a software consultant is to evaluate and analyze the business process and provide optimum software solutions and other relevant feedback to drive the business efficiency. Primarily, the objective of a software consultant is to provide cost-effective business solutions to enhance the sales process of a respective company. Importantly, this job provides complete financial freedom as you can start your own work in this profile.

Hardware Engineer:

The job a Hardware Engineer is to work with computer hardware system such as circuit boards, wires, hard disk, printers, computer chips, routers and keyboards. A hardware engineer must have the passion to take key challenges when it comes to the installation and testing of the computer system, ensuring that the system works in a hassle-free way. Hardware Engineers are also involved in the production and testing of hardware equipment.

Technical Writer:

If you have exceptional writing skills with sound technical skills, then you can opt for technical writing as your career option. For this, you must have the passion for latest technologies along-with love for gadgets and writing. Generally, a technical writer is responsible to write technical documents such as User Guides/Manuals, Product Descriptions, White Papers, Project Plans and Design Specifications.

Web Designer and Developer:

With the rise of internet and online marketing, the demand for web designing has grown multifold. A Web designer is responsible for ideating, designing and developing websites, depending upon the brief shared by clients. As a Web Designer, you should very imaginative and must have great visualization skills. You must have right creative sense towards colour, font style and layouts in order to design an appealing website. In addition, you should also have strong hold over software like Dreamweaver, CCS, Photoshop and Illustrator along-with sound knowledge of HTML and Flash.

In India, the IT hubs where MCA graduates will easily find a job depending upon their expertise and skills are as follows:

  • Bangalore
  • Chennai
  • Hyderabad
  • Mumbai
  • New Delhi
  • Pune

Popular companies offering jobs to MCA Graduates:

Some of the reputed IT companies that are always in a lookout for talented MCA graduates are as follows:

  • Wipro
  • Infosys
  • Infotech
  • Sathyam Mahindra
  • IBM
  • HCL
  • Tata Consultancy Services
  • Accenture
  • Capgemini
  • Cognizant

These companies hire MCA graduates on the basis of their real-time work experience and skill sets. Therefore, if you have the right skill set in IT sector and have the passion to take tough market projects and deliver them in the stipulated time period, you are bound to grow multifold in this domain.

Important IT skills that you must have after doing MCA

In order to become a good programmer, you should have good command in computer programming languages like Java, C++, C, .Net and ASP.NET.

Those who are interested in the web designing field, they must have strong hold over languages like CSS, PHP, JavaScript and HTML.

If you are interested to work in the networking field, you must have strong hand in LINUX, SQL, etc. Also, you must get quick certifications in CCNP, CCNA and CCIE in order to grab the attention of potential recruiters.

Further study options after MCA

After completing MCA, You can do ME (Computer Science & Engineering).

If you wish continue your study after doing MCA, you can do ME (Computer Science & Engineering). The eligibility criterion to take admission to ME is M.C.A. (10+2+3+3 years pattern) or B.E. / B.Tech. For doing PhD after MCA, you need to have a MCA degree along-with a valid GATE score. The minimum and maximum duration to complete your PhD is 2 years and 5 years respectively. The top institutes for doing PhD in Computer science is as follows:

  • Bengal Engineering and Science University (BESU), Kolkata
  • Department of Computer Science, Banaras Hindu University (BHU)
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Guwhati
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai
  • National Institute of Technology Calicut (NITC)
  • Symbiosis Institute Of Computer Studies & Research (SICSR), Pune